Indica and sativa are the two major cannabis classifications. They can also be bred together to create hybrid strains. Each strain has unique properties; their individual benefits and effects on the mind and body depend on their genetic make-up. The differences between indica and sativa cannabis strains are quite polarized.

When browsing BudExpressNOW, the high grade medical marijuana is separated into the three distinct categories: indica, sativa, and hybrid. See below for each group’s physical properties, origins, benefits, and medical uses.

Indica Cannabis Strains

Physical Properties

Indica plants tend to grow short and wide over an 8-12 week period. At maximum maturity, they may only reach a height of 4 feet. This makes them suitable for indoor growing. The yield of an indica plant is somewhere between 1 and 3 ounces per plant. The marijuana leaves are broad in shape.

Indica buds tend to have a strong sweet (like candy or berry) or sour (like diesel or skunk) aroma. Their flavour is typically sweet and often fruity.

Geographical Origins

Indica cannabis plants originate from areas between 30 and 50 degrees latitude. This includes countries in the Middle East such as Turkey, Morocco, and Afghanistan. Today, marijuana is grown all over the world.

Benefits and Medical Uses

Indica strains offer a full body high as opposed to altering the mindset. They are physically calming and relaxing. “Couch lock” is often used to describe indica’s sedative-like effects.

Their typical uses are as follows:
– Pain or chronic pain (for example, patients suffering multiple sclerosis, arthritis, and chemotherapy)
– Anxiety or stress
– PTSD
– Insomnia
– Loss of appetite
– Tremors (for example, patients suffering Parkinson’s Disease)

Sample Strains

Strain names including “Kush” are typically indica strains. Some examples are Watermelon, Blueberry, Romulan, LA Confidential, and Northern Lights #5—all of which are available for purchase in a indica sample pack.

Sativa Cannabis Strains

Physical Properties

Sativa plants tend to grow tall and thin over a 10-16 week period. They may reach over 25 feet in height. This makes them suitable for outdoor growing. The yield of a sativa plant is therefore higher than an indica plant, falling somewhere between 3 ounces and 1 pound per plant. Sativa marijuana leaves are slender and pointy in shape.

The buds tend to have earthy aromas and flavours, like grass or herbs.

Geographical Origins

Sativa cannabis plants originate from areas between 0 and 30 degrees latitude. This includes countries such as Colombia, Mexico, and Thailand. Today, marijuana is grown worldwide.

Benefits and Medical Uses

Sativa strains are responsible for cerebral highs. They are mentally uplifting and energizing.

Their typical uses are as follows:
– Focus and creativity
– Introspection and self-reflection
– Social activities (for example, in patients with social anxiety)
– Mood management (for example, in patients with depression)
– Fatigue

Sample Strains

Strain names including “Haze” are typically sativa strains. Some examples are Pineapple Trainwreck, White Lightning, Grape God, Hempstar, and Strawberry Cough—all of which are available for purchase in a sativa sample pack.

Hybrid Cannabis Strains

Hybrids fall somewhere on the indica and sativa spectrum. This is achieved by cross-breeding different cannabis plants. The make-up of the hybrid strain may be indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, or balanced. Their physical properties, benefits, and medical uses are dependent on the strains mixed into them. Balanced hybrids include strains such as White Cheese, White Castle, UK Cheese, White Lightning, and Headband.